[英语]插入语六大用法小结

来源:《高中生》杂志   小月   2020-01-23 19:22:14

    在英语学习中,插入语是一个比较重要的知识点。由于插入语是一种独立成分,通常与句中其他成分没有语法上的关系,许多同学在学习过程中会有一定的困难。其实,插入语大都是对一句话进行附加说明或解释,通常由一个词、一个短语或一个句子构成,常置于句首、句中或句末,一般用逗号或破折号与句子隔开。下面举例归纳插入语的几种用法。


    例1  _____the more expensive the camera, the better its quality.


    A.General speaking  B.Speaking general   


    C.Generally speaking  D.Speaking generally


    解析:本题答案为C。generally speaking为分词短语,意思是“一般来说”,在句中用作插入语。


    小结:许多分词短语可以用作插入语,这样的分词短语有:strictly speaking(严格地说),generally considering(一般认为), judging from...(根据……判断)等。


    例2  Two middle-aged passengers fell into the sea. ____, neither of them could swim.


    A.In fact    B.Luckily     


    C.Unfortunately   D.Naturally


    解析:本题答案为C。unfortunately为副词,意思是“令人遗憾地,不巧,可惜”,在句中用作插入语。


    小结:常用作插入语的副词或副词短语有:indeed(的确),surely(无疑),however(然而),frankly(坦率地说),obviously(显然),naturally(天然地),luckily (happily) for sb.(算某人幸运),fortunately(幸好),strangely(奇怪),briefly(简单地说)等。


    例3  Your performance in the driving test didn’t reach the required standard,_____, you failed.


    A.in the end    B.after all   


    C.in other words   D.at the same time


    解析:本题答案为C。in other words为介词短语,意思是“换句话说”,在句中用作插入语。


    小结:常用作插入语的介词短语有:in conclusion(总之),in a word(简而言之),in short(简而言之),in general(一般说来),in a sense(在某种意义上),in my view(在我看来),in his opinion(按照他的看法),in fact(事实上),at first(首先), in addition(此外),of course(当然),to my surprise(使我惊奇的),to her regret(使她遗憾的),for example(例如)等。


    例4  It is so nice to hear from her._____,we last met more than thirty years ago.


    A.What’s more  B.That is to say    


    C.In other words  D.Believe it or not


    解析:本题答案为D。believe it or not为一分句,意思是“信不信由你”,在句中作插入语。


    小结:用简短的句子结构作插入语,它们常置于句中或句末。这类简短的句子有:I am sure(我可以肯定地说),I believe(我相信),do you know(你知道吗),you see(你明白),I’m afraid(恐怕),it is said(据说),I suppose(我想),what’s more(而且),what’s worse(更糟糕的是),that is(也就是说),what is important(重要的是)等。


    例5  _____ with you, I have no money to spare.


    A.To be frank   B.What’s more     


    C.In addition   D.However


    解析:本题答案为A。to be frank为不定式短语,意思是“坦率地说”,在句中用作插入语。


    小结:常用作插入语的不定式短语有:to be sure(无疑地),to sum up(概括地说),to tell the truth(老实说)等。


    例6  _____, he should have done such a thing.


    A.Speaking general   B.Strange to say


    C.Luckily     D.Of course


    解析:本题答案为B。strange to say为形容词短语,意思是“说也奇怪”,在句中用作插入语。


    小结:常用作插入语的形容词或其短语有:true(真的),funny(真可笑),needless to say(不用说),most important of all(最为重要),worse still(更糟糕的),even better(更好)等。


    【试题设计】


    1._____, he often forgot to turn off the lights.


    A.Even better  B.Strange  C.However  D.Fortunately


    2.Greenland, _____ island in the world, covers over two million square kilometers.


    A.it is the largest   B.that is the largest   


    C.is the largest   D.the largest


    3.An awful accident_____,however, occur the other day.


    A.does         B.did          C.has to          D.had to


    4.Yesterday Jane walked away from the discussion. Otherwise, she ____ something she would regret later.


    A.had said  B.said   C.might say   D.might have said


    5.Boris has brains. In fact, I doubt whether anyone in the class has ____IQ.


    A.a high   B.a higher   C.the higher  D.the highest


    6.Helen was much kinder to her youngest son than to the others, _____, of course, made the others envy him.


    A.who         B.that         C.what        D.which


    7._____ the general state of his health, it may take him a while to recover from the operation.


    A.Given    B.To give    C.Giving     D.Having given


    8._____, success results from hard work.


    A.Worse still   B.Sure enough  


    C.To sum up   D.What’s worse


    9.As I know, there is _____ car in this neighborhood.


    A.no such    B.no a    C.not such    D.no such a


    10.He made another wonderful discovery, _____ of great importance to science.


    A.which I think is  B.which I think it is  


    C.which I think it  D.I think which is


    11.One day, _____,Newton saw an apple fall from a tree.


    A.to sum up   B.what’s more   C. it is said   D.in addition


    【参考答案】


    1~5  BDBDB    6~11  DACAAC

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