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[双语]母爱无国界:母亲节的来历和时间
来源:新浪博客 作者: 2012-05-14 13:58:31

  本文选自《爱思英语》的博客

  The history of Mother's Day is centuries old and goes back tothe times of ancient Greeks, who held festivities to honor Rhea,the mother of the gods. The early Christians celebrated theMother's festival on the fourth Sunday of Lent to honor Mary, themother of Christ. Interestingly, later on a religious orderstretched the holiday to include all mothers, and named it as theMothering Sunday. The English colonists settled in Americadiscontinued the tradition of Mothering Sunday because of lack oftime. In 1872 Julia Ward Howe organized a day for mothers dedicatedto peace. It is a landmark in the history of Mother's Day。

  母亲节的历史可以追溯到几百年前的古希腊,当时,人们都会举行庆祝活动纪念Rhea(瑞亚),(古希腊的众神之母,她是主神宙斯和天后赫拉的母亲)。早期的基督徒在大斋节的第四个星期日节日庆祝母亲节来纪念荣Mary(基督的母亲)。有趣的是,宗教秩序的改革使得这一节日包括了全体的母亲,并将这一日命名为“母亲节”。后来,在美国定居的英国殖民者由于缺少时间停止了这项传统。1872年朱丽娅伍德霍夫以致力于和平为母亲们设立一个节日。这是母亲节在历史上的里程碑。

  In 1907, Anna M. Jarvis (1864-1948), a Philadelphiaschoolteacher, began a movement to set up a national Mother's Dayin honor of her mother, Ann Maria Reeves Jarvis. She solicited thehelp of hundreds of legislators and prominent businessmen to createa special day to honor mothers. The first Mother's Day observancewas a church service honoring Anna's mother. Anna handed out hermother's favorite flowers, the white incarnations, on the occasionas they represent sweetness, purity, and patience. Anna's hard workfinally paid off in the year 1914, when President Woodrow Wilsonproclaimed the second Sunday in May as a national holiday in honorof mothers。

  1907年,一位费城教师,安娜米·贾维斯(1864-1948),开始了一项在全国范围内纪念母亲的的节日,安娜米贾维斯荣誉日。她征求了数以百计的立法者和商界翘楚一起来创立一个特殊的日子来纪念母亲。第一个母亲节庆祝表彰是在一个教堂为安娜母亲举办的。安娜在仪式上发放了她母亲最喜爱的白色花朵,那是甜蜜、纯洁、耐心的化身。安娜的努力终于在1914年得到了回报,时任总统伍德罗威尔逊宣布将五月的第二个星期天作为母亲。

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